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Basic Guide For Parents
Basic Guide For Parents
ATV & Scooter Safety Hotline: 1-855-979-7676
Basic guide for parents and first time riders
*This advice especially relates to children on smaller ATVs but applies equally to beginners of all ages.
*Instructing the rider. *Important advice to parents, teachers or instructors.
Your studentâs safety depends on your commitment to take the time necessary to fully educate him/her on the proper operation of the ATV. Remember that proper instruction before your student begins to ride is just as important as proper instruction and supervision while riding. Please go through this manual with your student page by page. Fully explain all of the instructions, requirements and warnings it contains. Be sure to put as much emphasis on safety precautions as on proper operational techniques. Question your student as you go through the manual to ensure s/he understands what you are saying. Following is a step-by-step guide to help make your studentâs first use of the ATV safe and enjoyable. Before you begin to use this guide, however, be sure you have reviewed the vehicle features and riding techniques described in the earlier parts of the manual. We strongly urges that you use this guide to teach each student whom you let ride the ATV. Be sure to take breaks as the student becomes tired or his/her attention starts to wander. Full Attention at all times is needed to safely operate any motorized vehicle, including this ATV. STEP 1: PROPER CLOTHING & PROTECTIVE GEAR The first step to safe riding is proper protection of the rider. Your student should always wear a helmet, eye protection, gloves, long pants, a long-sleeved shirt or jacket and boots. Make sure your student is not wearing any loose-fitting clothes. Loose belts, scarves, etc., can get caught in moving parts and cause personal injury. Even in hot weather, make sure the student wears long pants and a long-sleeved shirt. These not only protect against abrasive injuries but also help reduce fatigue which comes from loss of body heat caused by exposure to the wind. STEP 2: FAMILIARIZATION WITH THE VEHICLE Your student should become completely familiar with the names and functions of all controls. Demonstrate operation of the controls if necessary. Ask the student to do such things as âApply the brakes. Turn off the engine,â etc. Practice this exercise until the student can operate all of the controls without hesitation and without looking at the controls. Review the instructions with your student until she/he knows all the items that should be checked. Give specific examples of things to look for. STEP 3: STARTING OFF AND STOPPING To help your student develop confidence, she/he should PRACTICE FIRST WITH THE ENGINE OFF, as follows:
1. Have student sit on ATV.
2. Instruct student to keep his/her eyes straight ahead while you slowly push the vehicle from behind. This will give the student the âfeelâ of riding a moving vehicle.
3. As you push the ATV, instruct your student to steer straight ahead and perform operations such as stopping the vehicle and turning OFF the engine switch while moving. Watch your student closely to make sure she/he is operating the controls correctly and without looking at them.
4. As you approach the end of the practice area, tell your student to stop the vehicle. You should drag the rear end of the ATV around so you can push it straight ahead in the opposite direction.
5. Practice with the engine OFF until your student gets the âfeelâ of using the brakes and can stop the vehicle and turn OFF the engine switch without hesitation and without looking at the controls. STEP 4: ADJUST THE SPEED LIMITER TO SLOW NOW. Next start the ATVâs engine and have the student practice starting off, riding in a straight line and stopping with the vehicle under power. Walk alongside the ATV and hold the engine cutout switch cord or have the student ride back and forth between you and another supervising adult. Make sure your student: 1. Opens the throttle gently when starting off. 2. Releases the throttle and applies the brakes in sequence when stopping. 3. Becomes aware of the distance it takes the vehicle to stop when the engine switch is turned OFF while the vehicle is moving. As you approach the end of the practice session, you should again tell the rider to stop the vehicle and get off so you can turn it around for him/her. Practice this exercise until your student can start off, accelerate, cruise and stop correctly and confidently. STEP 5: TURNING: After your student has learned to ride the ATV in a straight line and can stop it at will, you should teach the student how to turn the vehicle. Explain the proper body movements for turning and let the student PRACTICE FIRST WITH THE ENGINE OFF as you push the vehicle from behind. When turning, watch to make sure your student: 1. Shifts his/her weight slightly forward and supports his/her weight on the outer footrest. 2. Leans his/her upper body into the direction of the turn, pressing down with the opposite leg. When the rider is able to properly turn the ATV in both directions with the engine OFF, she/he should practice turning with the vehicle under power. Again, make sure that the throttle limiter is adjusted to provide a low maximum speed capability. Watch closely to make sure the rider is using the proper technique. The rider should practice turning until s/he can do so correctly and confidently. STEP 6: PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER When your student has mastered the basic riding maneuvers in the previously listed steps, she/he should practice them all together. Instruct the student to perform various maneuvers such as turning right, turning left, stopping, etc. Vary the order of these maneuvers so the student will not anticipate what s/he will be asked to do next. Practice this exercise until you are confident that the rider has mastered all the basic maneuvers. Using this procedure will help the first-time rider learn the most basic riding techniques. To become a skilled rider, your student will need a great deal of practice and continuing instruction in addition to completing these introductory steps. After all the riding techniques have been mastered, you can adjust the throttle limiter to provide higher speed capabilities in keeping with the riderâs skill and experience.